The adopted great-nephew of Julius Caesar
NGC CH VF
Caius Octavius Thurinus was born in Rome in 63 B.C. He was the adopted great-nephew of Julius Caesar and would be declared his heir at the age of 18 before Julius Caesar was assassinated. Octavius (as he was known) would take it upon himself to avenge his great uncle and administer stability to the fractured Roman Empire. Following Caesar’s death, the Roman empire was in open civil war for decades due to a power vacuum. Octavius would form what is known as the Second Triumvirate with Marc Antony and Lepides - they together would defeat Julius Caesar's conspirators Brutus and Cassius in the battle of Philippi in 42 B.C. marking an end to the turmoil in Rome at the time.
There was always a strained relationship between Octavius and Marc Anthony who was married to Ocatvius' Sister, Octavia. Marc Antony would only make things worse by famously having an open affair with Cleopatra. This affair leads to war between the two, ultimately resulting in the couple's suicide and leaving Octavian as the undisputed master of Rome. In 27 B.C. at the age of 33, he was declared "Caesar Augustus" as he is now famously known and the Roman Imperial Period would begin. Caesar Augustus would reign for 40 years bringing stability and peace to the Roman Empire, as well as enacting the policies that would establish the success of the empire for centuries.
Obverse: Bare head of Augustus
Reverse: Capricorn with Globe