Napoleon III was the last monarch and first President of France
Napoleon III, born Charles-Louis Napoléon Bonaparte, was both the first president and final monarch of France. He rose to power through force, declaring himself Emperor of the French in 1852. During his rule, he modernized France's economy, redesigned Paris with new boulevards and parks, expanded the colonial empire, and bolstered the French merchant navy. His 22-year reign, the longest since the Ancien Régime, ended with his capture in the Battle of Sedan in 1870, marking a pivotal chapter in French history.
Obverse: Head facing right, Napoleon III EMPEREUR
Reverse: Denomination with wreath, EMPIRE FRANCAIS